Coffee: Papua New Guinea Washed Arabica A/X
Roast Recommendation: Medium Roast
Notes: Sweet, nice body and acidity, graham, mango, plum, melon, green tea, chocolate
Main Producing Regions: Waghi Valley, Eastern Highlands, Chimbu Valley
Processing Methods: Washed
Genetic Varieties: Typica, Bourbon, Arusha, Blue Mountain, Catimor
New Guinea was first colonized by the Germans and British in 1885 and the mountainous, rugged interior was left un-mapped thinking it was to inhospitable to be populated. In 1930, an Australian prospector traveled into the Eastern Highlands searching for gold and found the region contained fertile valleys and over 1 million people consisting of over 400 tribes. Missionaries then swarmed the region and coffee was brought with them. During 1950s an active policy of encouraging the establishment of village coffee gardens was initiated and by the 1970’s over 25,000 hectares of Arabica had been planted throughout the highlands.
Today, coffee is the backbone of the rural economy and is the major source of income for more than 40% of the population. Roughly 95% of producers are small holders, often with small coffee gardens containing a few dozen to a few hundred trees which they grow alongside other subsistence crops.
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